One prime example of this is the satisfaction theory, developed by st anselm of canterbury in the 11th century, and when it maintains that for the atonement the. 1 the atonement in historical review the doctrine of the atonement has historically been one of the most disputed and hotly contested of bible teachings, even within individual christian groups. 'atonement' is the reconciliation of god and humanity in theology it is used 'to denote the work of christ in dealing with the problem posed by the sin of. Another creative period in the history of the doctrine of the atonement was that inaugurated by anselm in the eleventh century it assumed three main forms: the anselmic theory of satisfaction the penal theory of the reformers, and the governmental theory of grotius.
Anselm's theory of the atonement the atonement a clerical symposium on what is the scripture doctrine of the atonement by frederic william farrar. Anselm seeks to respond to many earnest requests that i should commit to writing the proofs of a particular doctrine of our faith, namely: for what reason or necessity did god become man and, as we believe and confess, by his death restore life to the world, when he could have done this through another person (angelic or human), or even by a. The meaning of the atonement by mark m mattison that is the doctrine of the atonement its reality is not in dispute anselm, who lived in a feudal society.
Atonement in christianity satisfaction theory of atonement developed by anselm of day saints expands the doctrine of the atonement complementary to the. The doctrine of the atonement merits close attention for two reasons, one speculative, the other practical firstly, the sacrifice of christ upon the altar of the cross is at the very center of revelation and therefore also of theology, and yet the inner working, so to speak, of the atonement remains open to speculation. Atr/95:1 25 why anselm still matters george sumner the doctrine of the atonement once more has become a point of contention, not only for revisionists but among evangelicals as. The atonement--orthodox view vs catholic anselm of canterbury, i don't mean to say that all catholic doctrine regarding atonement stems from anselm, nor do i.
The doctrine of penal substitution, on the other hand, teaches that at the atonement, jesus christ actually took upon himself our sins, and that god punished him as though jesus himself committed them in this way, jesus bore the full wrath of god against our sins, thus satisfying god's wrath, and reconciling him to us. Penal substitution (sometimes, esp in older writings, called forensic theory) is a theory of the atonement within christian theology, developed with the reformed tradition. It is through an understanding of both incarnation and atonement that we able to view the relevance of anselm‟s doctrine of satisfaction incarnation incarnation stems from the latin word incarnatio, which means to become flesh. The description of anselm's doctrine of the atonement presented above is intended to be as unbiased as possible however, it is important that we take a moment to look at anselm's ideas from an evangelical perspective.
Anselm lived in a feudal society, a social structure based on everyone's obligations and duties to those above them, and he is criticized for seeing the atonement too much in these terms — as if god were a medieval lord whose sense of honor is hurt by our failing to respect and obey him. The former represents anselm's theology of atonement in its fullest expression, and is routinely cited when theologians mention him in relation to girard the latter is a relatively late work of girard's, and i have chosen to supplement it with secondary sources rather than delving deeply into girard's earlier works. Anselm's satisfaction theory of the atonement is developed in his book, cur deus homo, and, as presented, is not based on the bible like we might expect instead, anselm relies heavily on logic, and largely avoids citing scripture to make his case. Satisfaction theory of the atonement the satisfaction (or commercial) theory of the atonement was formulated by the medieval theologian anselm of canterbury (1033-1109) in his book, cur deus homo (lit.
Anselm's theory of atonement is a radical departure from the patristic tradition, which he claims only presents a beautiful picture of the atonement, but not its reality there is a fundamental shift in what it is that humanity needs salvation from, which results in a shifting of the mechanism by which humanity is saved. Anselm's atonement theology has been impugned by theologians as disparate as vladimir lossky and rené girard, even to the point of some describing his view of the son of god's atoning death as cosmic child abuse. Surveying the wondrous cross: the atonement in church history for an interesting discussion of anselm, see robert strimple, anselm and the theology of the. Fast facts on st anselm of caterbury lived: 1033-1109 calling : bishop in england remembered for: works in philosophy and theology, particularly for an ontological argument for god’s existence and meditations on the incarnation and the atonement .
Anselm offered compelling biblical evidence that the atonement was not a ransom paid by god to the devil but rather a debt paid to god on behalf of sinners^ ^ anselm's work established a foundation for the protestant reformation, specifically the understanding of justification by faith. Did early christians believe in substitutionary atonement was not known before anselm the doctrine of the substitutionary atonement and the imputation of. Bsac 12:45 (jan 1855) p 52 anselm's doctrine of the incarnation and atonement james gardiner vose chap i how man was made holy by god, so as to be happy in the enjoyment of god.